Clasificación de Empresas en Chile


Classification of companies in Chile | For many, the classification of companies in Chile is an issue that does not represent us. However, this is very important for Chileans and everyone else interested. When we talk about this topic we must take into account the following characteristics: types, classes and sizes. In our article we will see how this classification is carried out and what data is considered for it.

According to your size

  • Microenterprise: It is made up of 1 to 5 workers, and its sales volume ranges from 0 to 2,400 UF per year.
  • Small Business: It is made up of 6 to 50 workers, and its sales volume ranges from 2,401 to 25,000 UF per year.
  • Medium Company: It is made up of 50 to 400 workers, and its sales volume ranges from 25,001 to 100,000 UF per year.
  • Large Company: It is made up of 400 or more workers and its sales volume is greater than 100,001 UF per year.

Considering your economic sector

We refer to the economic sector of companies when we classify the nature of a company based on the goods and services it provides:

  • Primary sector: extraction of natural resources.
  • Secondary sector: the sector that transforms raw materials into finished products.
  • Tertiary sector: related to trade and services.
  • Quaternary sector: sector that refers to information and communication technologies.

Depending on the line of business

When we talk about classification within an activity or company, we are talking about segmenting the company according to the product or service it offers and the way it is provided:

  • Manufacturing/industrial companies: Those that extract or produce goods by transforming specific inputs or raw materials into physically different products.
  • Trading Company: A trading company: engaged in the purchase of consumer goods and/or durable goods for resale without a process that produces another physically different product. In other words, you sell the same way you buy.
  • Service company: a service company: intended for the trade of intangible assets and/or the provision of services.
  • Financial company: company dedicated to the trade, sale and marketing of goods: its function is to be a financial intermediary and provide financial and commercial services.  

According to the origin of the capital

Let’s see which are the companies according to the origin of their capital; of your initial contribution and who currently controls the company:  

  • State companies: are types of companies whose capital and management are owned by the State.
  • Private companies: companies whose capital and management are owned and managed by private individuals.
  • Mixed companies: they are companies in which the capital and administration are divided between the State and the private sector.

According to its legal constitution

This is the classification according to the legal constitution of the type of company:

  • Sole proprietorship: it is a company that belongs to a natural person who participates in the profits of his company, but who is also responsible for covering the losses, even at the expense of his personal assets.
  • Limited company (SA): legal entity made up of people called shareholders who pool their capital. People who act as founders or partners are usually anonymous.
  • Limited company (SpA): This type of company can start with the formation of a single person and can be expanded later to include other participants. It has a high degree of flexibility regarding the change of status and type of shareholders.
  • Limited liability company (SRL): this is a company where shareholders are only liable to the extent of their contribution, with a maximum number of shareholders between two and fifty. The administration is carried out by the partners themselves and decisions are made by mutual agreement.
  • Individual limited liability company (EIRL): This type of organization is created by one person. Third-party liability is satisfied with the company’s assets and does not expose personal assets to the risk of company debts.
  • Commercial Collective Company: it is a company with multiple owners, characterized in that the partners of the company have unlimited liability (up to the amount of their personal assets), management can be exercised by all the partners of the company.
  • Limited Partnership: It is made up of two types of partners, limited partners and managing partners. The former only contributes capital and is only responsible for it, while the latter controls the company and has unlimited liability.

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